What is a deaerator?

It is generally thought to be a horizontal or vertically cylindrical vessel. A spray type deaerator also utilizes a boiler feed-water storage tank. The spray type version is typically horizontal. It has a preheating section and, of course, the specialized deaeration section. These two sections are separated by what is termed as a baffle. A sparger facilitates the transfer of low-pressure steam into the deaerator and to its bottom.

spray type deaerator

Boiler feedwater sprays into a section that preheats the water with the rising steam that emanates from the sparger. The reason for using a feedwater spray nozzle and the preheating process, is to allow boiler feedwater to reach a saturation temperature. This is necessary to facilitate the stripping out of all dissolved gases from the deaeration stage that is to follow. Preheated feedwater flows into the deaeration compartment. The water is then deaerated by the steam that rises from the sparger. Gases that are stripped out of the water will be leaving the compartment through a vent at the top of the deaerator. The deaerated boiler feedwater is pumped from bottom up, reaching the steam generating boiler system. 

There can be numerous reasons for the use of a spray type or tray type deaerator. Its main purpose will always be to clean or safeguard products. Taking into account two standard options, spray or tray, depends on the type of product being prepared, its shape, its size, its weight, and its desired integrity. Interested readers are invited to give this engineering matter further attention. They are more than welcome to explore the online guides that give them visible demonstrations of how the apparatuses work.

Those with technical minds can indulge their time and intellect in the stored specifications tables that also reveal each and every listed component.

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